Stories, imagery, and connotative words (words that have additional images and emotions associated with them) appeal to our emotions. These techniques arouse emotions such as anger, fear, joy, sadness, or happiness to cause the audience to feel and then to act. 3. ethos appeals to ethics. Responsible research practices and fair use of logic and emotion appeals contribute to the writer's credibility (authority, believability, and trustworthiness), an important element in persuasion, and appeal to our need to trust that the writer is a legitimate and ethical individual.
Ethical appeals also appeal tothe audience's character or sense of right and wrong. For items 4 – 10, see page 4 of 4 in Power, Lesson 3 4. Hasty Generalization is a logical fallacy in which a conclusion is based on insufficient evidence or a sample of people that is too small. This fallacy is often linked to stereotypes and prejudices. 5. Post Hoc is a logical fallacy in which we assume that because B comes after A, A caused B. The Latin translates to "after this, therefore, because of this. " It is also called "false cause. " 6.
Slippery Slope is a logical fallacy that claims if a particular action is taken it will inevitably lead to an undesirable event, which will lead to another undesirable event or series of events. 7. Authority is a logical fallacy that uses an "authority" who is not an expert on the issue. 8. Popularity is a logical fallacy that claims something is true because most people accept the claim or agree with the position. This fallacy takes advantage of people's desire to be part of the majority. 9. Fear is a logical fallacy that uses fear to create support for the claim. 10.
False Dichotomy is a logical fallacy that identifies only two choices in a situation, one of which is not a viable choice. It is often called either/or reasoning. Power 04 – 1. pathos words are words that communicate additional emotions, ideas, and images. Audiences respond to these connotative words—sometimes without even knowing it—because they make us feel something. 2. Propaganda is the use of any technique that attempts to influence the opinions, attitudes, emotions, or actions of a group to benefit the person, company, or group that created the persuasive material.
Types of propaganda: 3. name calling , this technique gives names to the individuals, groups, nations, beliefs, or products that the writer would like to condemn or reject. This device causes us to make a judgment out of hate or fear of the element perceived to be bad. 4. Glittering generalities , this technique uses attractive, apealing words to describe whatever is being premoted. The words sound nice, but they are vague and used for their emotional effect. This device conveys the idea that “good people will accept idea or product x because it is good. 5. transfer , this technique transfers the authority or reputation of someone or something to the thing being premoted. Transfer can cause the audience to have positive or negative feelings 6. Testimonial, this device prompts us to accept an idea or product because someone else accepts it. 7. Bandwagon, this device says, "Everyone is doing, buying, or believing x, and so should you. " 8. Plain folk this technique attempts to convince audiences that the person being portrayed is an average citizen or the idea is what a regular person believes. 9.
Card stacker this device selectively presents information that is favorable or omits information that is unfavorable for persuading the audience. Power – 05 – 1. An appeal to credibility relates to the audience's perception of the credibility of the writer, company, lawyer, or artist using the appeal. 2. Libel, slander, copyright infringement, and ethos are all writing practices that could affect the ethical appeal of a writer. 3. Define the word plagiarism: not your work 4. Using someone’s exact words from a source while giving credit to the source is termed copy write 5.
Using information from a source but putting the information in your own words is termed paraphrasing. (T ) You must still give credit to a source when you paraphrase the source. 6. Reference: correspond to entries on the Works Cited page; they tell our readers enough information so that they can locate the source on the Works Cited page. 7. slander is a method of citing sources within a text by putting the main identifying source information in paren'theses at the end of a sentence. (Paren'thetical Citations) 8. False – Major works such as books, movies, and newspapers should be ut in italics or underlined while smaller works such as poems and short stories should be put in quotations. 9. Sources from a works cited list should be in alphabetical order. Power 06 – 1. List ten quality transition words from page 3 of Lesson 6: consequently; because furthermore; in the same way moreover; also clearly; then; additionally and; in addition 2. theme is the sentence that states the main idea or point of that paragraph. Betrayal – In this module sstudents will use Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar to analyze themes of betrayal.
Shakespeare can be difficult for any student, especially sstudents that have never read any Shakespeare before. Sstudents can and should use Sparknotes as a resource. There will be links to Sparknotes and videos tthroughout the lesson. Please don’t hesitate to contact your instructor for help. Betrayal 01 – 1. Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar is about the aassassination of Julius Caesar and the story of betrayal by Brutus. 2. setting refers to the time, place, and culture in which a story is set. 3. Shakespeare’s theatre was called the pitt 4. At the opening of the play Caesar is returning from victory in battle.
He has just defeated another Roman General named Cassius; 5. Why are Modulus and Flavius so upset with the commoners in Act I, Scene 1? Because he wouldn’t let them fight Betrayal 02 – 1. It is important to know at this point in the play that Brutus does not know whether to support Caesar or to go against him. 2. In Act II, Brutus agrees to kill caesar but he will not kill his parther as a part of Cassius’ plan. 3. What is Calpurnia’s dream about? Julius Caesar dying Betrayal 03 – 1. Will he kill a friend to save an empire? Yes Betrayal 04 – 1. Who said, “Et tu, Brute! Then fall, Caesar. " Julius Caesar 2.